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Installing JavaScript JS: Setting up environment

To run JavaScript code, download and install Node.js.

The first option is to do this manually in one of the various ways described in the documentation.

The second option is to use the package manager. Open the terminal and run the installation command appropriate to your operating system:

Ubuntu or Ubuntu on Windows

# Install cURL, a console HTTP client, to download the node install script
sudo apt-get install curl
# Download and run the installer script to add and set up a repository in the package manager
curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_17.x | sudo -E bash -
# You can now install Node.js via a package manager
sudo apt install -y nodejs

macOS

# https://brew.sh/index.html
brew install nodejs

Interactive code execution

Now let's make sure that Node.js is installed and running. Some operating systems will probably require you to restart the terminal or even reboot.

Open the terminal and run the following command:

# The version you will see should be the same or higher than the one shown here.
# Otherwise, errors may occur.

node --version
v17.6

If all goes well, it's time to run the JavaScript code.

node
>

Executing node will start REPL. This is an environment similar to the conventional terminal, but it uses JavaScript code instead of Bash commands. You can use it to type a piece of code and immediately execute it by pressing Enter.

node
> 1 + 5
6 # the result is immediately shown on the screen
> 7 % 2
1

This is very convenient to quickly check how something works, as well as for debugging and a few simple calculations. REPL can use variables and remembers previous ones input:

node
> a = 5
5
> b = 10
10
> a + b
15

There are several options to exit REPL:

  1. Type .exit and press Enter
  2. Press CTRL + C twice
  3. Press CTRL + D

This will bring you back into the normal shell.

node
Welcome to Node.js v16.4.1.
Type ".help" for more information.
> 1 + 5
6
>
(To exit, press ^C again or ^D or type .exit)
>
$

Keep the concept of Node.js REPL and shell (e.g. bash) separate: typing node runs a program that has nothing to do with the shell in which it is run. Any attempt to use this REPL as a normal shell will result in various syntax errors:

node
> cd ~
cd ~
   ^

SyntaxError: Unexpected token ~

Example of installing and running Node.js on Ubuntu

Running code from files

REPL is not suitable for full and convenient development, which is why the code is written in plain text files on the developer's computer. What editor should be used for this purpose? The most common and convenient code editor by far is VS Code. Download and install it, and explore its interface. It's got a lot of built-in features that can be extended with plug-ins.

Open the editor and create an index.js file with the following contents:

console.log("Hello, Hexlet!");

VS Code has built-in tools to run the code, but for now, while you're still learning, you should learn how to run code manually. Open a terminal in the directory where you created the file and run the following command:

# First go to the directory with the index.js file
node index.js
'Hello, Hexlet!'

Do it yourself

  1. Set up your operating system so that it's ready for Node.js
  2. Install Node.js
  3. Start the REPL and try to execute some JavaScript code
  4. Calculate Math.sqrt(256) + 100 in the REPL
  5. In the hexlet-js project, create an index.js file and add console.log('Hello, Hexlet!');
  6. Run this file with node index.js command, and make sure you see Hello, Hexlet! on the screen.

Recommended materials

  1. Installing Ubuntu on Windows
  2. Installing GIT on Windows
  3. Version Manager

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