In this lesson, you will learn how to do the most basic operations — opening and closing of files.
How to open files
In Python, we open a file using the
open function, which requires the file path and the mode as parameters. The path is straightforward. We use the mode to specify how we want to use the file:
- To write or read
- To work with text or binary data
- To clear the file before writing to it
Now, we will work with files in two modes — for reading and writing text. To read something from a file, we first need to create it and write something into it. Let's start with that. We will open a file for writing: